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Volunteers use 3-D imaging to map shipwrecks in Australia

Did you know there are over 600 shipwrecks in the Swan River and off the coast of WA? A group of volunteers in Perth have been working with the WA Museum since 1974 to help with mapping and inspecting them.

Volunteers use 3-D imaging to map shipwrecks in Australia
Patrick Morrison on the Denton Holme [Credit: David Jackson, MAAWA]
MAAWA (the Maritime Archaeological Association of Western Australia) provides members with the opportunity to dive on shipwrecks.

They have the opportunity to participate in research and management of maritime archaeological heritage sites all around the coast of WA.

MAAWA's Secretary Patrick Morrison says, historically, a lot of wrecks were inspected by MAAWA in the 70s and 80s.

More recently, he says members have started investigating 3-D photogrammetry, which has reinvigorated the group.

3-D mapping of shipwreck sites

The Perth Region Maritime Archaeology 3-Dimensional Mapping Project aimed to record sites under water.

Volunteers use 3-D imaging to map shipwrecks in Australia
Patrick Morrison on the North Mole Wreck [Credit: David Jackson, MAAWA]
Patrick says, in the past, this involved taking measurements from photographs, but now, computers can do it by themselves.

"You can take a GoPro and run it over a site, as long as you have a good technique."

An example is the wreck of SS Omeo off the coast at Coogee.

In 1991/92, the site was recorded, involving hundreds of hours and diving and 2 years of technical drawings.

Using photogrammetry, the site was recorded in 1 hour with a photo scan.

"When you compare, you can see mistakes in the drawing—for example, the midline of the ship is actually curved," Patrick says.

He says drawings are still useful, as they can tell different things about a site.

"But the drawing can be done from a 3-D model rather than needing 2 years of diving."

The group is now testing a feasible and cost-effective way for MAAWA to continue this work.

App registers shipwrecks in WA

The Shipwrecks WA app lets you search a register of shipwrecks along the Swan and Canning Rivers, around the shores of Rottnest Island and the Perth coast.

Short animation of SS Omeo [Credit: Kevin Edwards]

Patrick says there are over 40 years of wreck inspections sitting in archive boxes in the museum or members' garages.

With funding from Lotterywest, MAAWA member Ian Warne has been working through these libraries and archives to make the data accessible for people wanting to dive sites.

With around 500 to 600 shipwrecks along the coast and in the river, that's a lot of information!

"The earliest wreck we have is the Trial from 1622," Patrick says.

Wrecks include the Mira Floras, 12m under water off Rottnest, which is well protected by reef.

There's also the Macedon and Denton Holme, two large wrecks on Transit Reef in the Rottnest Sanctuary Zone, which are visible when snorkelling.

Recording dump sites in the Swan River

Quite a different story is the Swan River project SCRIMSHAW. This project involves recording things in the river like dump sites.

Volunteers use 3-D imaging to map shipwrecks in Australia
Volunteer Nick Sargeant diving on the Mira Flores [Credit: David Jackson, MAAWA]
"Blackwall Reach is notorious for this type of thing—cars and bikes and shopping trolleys are found there," Patrick says.

"This can tell us a different side—stories about why someone would want to throw a car off a cliff!"

There's also of lot of wrecks, industry sites, a soap factory and debris from a slipway, plus a tunnel going 120 metres into the cliffs of Rocky Bay.

MAAWA is digitising all of this information and will be running workshops over the next few months.

How to get involved

Currently, around 10 to 15 people are regularly involved in fieldwork, with the group meeting on the third Tuesday of every month at the Shipwreck Galleries in Fremantle.

"People can show up and hear about what we've been doing and what fieldwork is coming up," Patrick says.

They also have guest speakers and training courses. Check out MAAWA's Facebook page for more information.

Author: Teresa Belcher | Source: Particle [November 16, 2017]

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